Cosmogenic dating lab

Cosmogenic nuclide laboratories

We will link our moraine chronology with regional-scale atmospheric models developed by collaborators at University of Massachusetts Amherst. People Dave Marchant Students Collaborators.


Cosmogenic-Nuclide Dating Along with our colleagues Kate Swanger , Doug Kowalewski , and Joerg Schaefer , we are examining the role of physical and chemical weathering in modifying the inventory of cosmogenic nuclides in exposed rocks. Selected Publications Hide -. Obliquity-paced climate change recorded in Antarctic debris-covered glaciers. Nature Communications , v.

The laboratory has a scrubbed fume hood for the use of hydrofluoric acid in rock digestion. The cosmogenic nuclide sample preparation laboratory is used for the initial pre-treatment of rock samples prior to digestion in the Be or Cl clean labs.

Cosmogenic nuclide dating

The laboratory is equipped with a scrubbed fume hood, a standard fume hood, a multi-sample heated ultrasonic bath, and heavy-media separation equipment. The two most frequently measured cosmogenic nuclides are beryllium and aluminum These nuclides are particularly useful to geologists because they are produced when cosmic rays strike oxygen and silicon , respectively.

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The parent isotopes are the most abundant of these elements, and are common in crustal material, whereas the radioactive daughter nuclei are not commonly produced by other processes. As oxygen is also common in the atmosphere, the contribution to the beryllium concentration from material deposited rather than created in situ must be taken into account. Each of these nuclides is produced at a different rate. Both can be used individually to date how long the material has been exposed at the surface.

Cosmogenic Dating Group | Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

Because there are two radionuclides decaying, the ratio of concentrations of these two nuclides can be used without any other knowledge to determine an age at which the sample was buried past the production depth typically 2—10 meters. Chlorine nuclides are also measured to date surface rocks. This isotope may be produced by cosmic ray spallation of calcium or potassium.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.